Part 1: To​ ​what​ ​extent​ ​is​ ​traditional​ ​methods​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​relevant​ ​to​ ​the 21st​ ​century​ ​in Hong​ ​Kong​ ​and​ ​Spain​ ​?

According​ ​to​ ​Dictionary.​ ​com​ ​education​ ​is​ ​defined​ ​as​ ​“​ ​the​ ​act​ ​or​ ​process​ ​of​ ​imparting or​ ​acquiring​ ​general​ ​knowledge,​ ​developing​ ​the​ ​powers​ ​of​ ​reasoning​ ​and​ ​judgment,​ ​and generally​ ​of​ ​preparing​ ​oneself​ ​or​ ​others​ ​intellectually​ ​for​ ​mature​ ​life.”​ ​​​In​ ​order​ ​to​ ​develop students​ ​learning​ ​teachers​ ​drive​ ​the​ ​process​ ​of​ ​education​ ​through​ ​literacy,​ ​mathematics, science,​ ​history,​ ​and​ ​arts.​ ​In​ ​this​ ​investigation​ ​there​ ​is​ ​a​ ​focus​ ​on​ ​two​ ​main​ ​pedagogies​ ​which one​ ​is​ ​a​ ​traditional​ ​method​ ​​​such​ ​as​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​the​ ​other​ ​is​ ​inquiry​ ​based.​ ​The​ ​aim​ ​of this​ ​investigation​ ​is​ ​to​ ​understand​ ​the​ ​two​ ​teaching​ ​methodologies​ ​by​ ​comparing​ ​and contrasting​ ​each​ ​perspective.​ ​This​ ​has​ ​been​ ​investigated​ ​through​ ​research​ ​and​ ​work experience​ ​through​ ​a​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​educational​ ​setting.

Overall,​ ​this​ ​project​ ​was​ ​to​ ​recognise​ ​the​ ​importance​ ​of​ ​both​ ​teaching​ ​styles​ ​based​ ​in Spain​ ​and​ ​Hong​ ​Kong,​ ​and​ ​how​ ​they​ ​changed​ ​within​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​preparing​ ​students​ ​for the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​world.​ ​Traditional​ ​teaching​ ​is​ ​still​ ​relevant​ ​to​ ​our​ ​current​ ​time​ ​as​ ​a​ ​stepping stone​ ​to​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning.​ ​With​ ​basic​ ​knowledge​ ​taught,​ ​rote​ ​teaching​ ​provides​ ​students with​ ​background​ ​information​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​their​ ​critical​ ​thinking​ ​skill​ ​through​ ​inquiry.

Ethical​ ​Issue

The​ ​introduction​ ​of​ ​technology​ ​in​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​has​ ​advanced​ ​education​ ​in​ ​many ways​ ​such​ ​as​ ​communication,​ ​teaching​ ​and​ ​learning.​ ​Today’s​ ​society​ ​focus​ ​on​ ​creativity, problem​ ​solving,​ ​innovation,​ ​cultural​ ​awareness,​ ​exploration,​ ​leadership,​ ​etc.​ ​These​ ​are​ ​the necessary​ ​skills​ ​to​ ​prepare​ ​students​ ​in​ ​the​ ​future.​​ ​​According​ ​to​ ​the​ ​video​ ​by​ ​EF​ ​Education first​ ​(international​ ​education)​ ​46%​ ​of​ ​teachers​ ​say​ ​their​ ​homework​ ​requires​ ​technology,​ ​and 94%​ ​of​ ​students​ ​say​ ​they​ ​use​ ​technology​ ​to​ ​do​ ​homework”.

In​ ​order​ ​for​ ​students​ ​to​ ​success​ ​in​ ​future​ ​learnings,​ ​schools​ ​should​ ​provide​ ​academic studies​ ​at​ ​higher​ ​education​ ​using​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​key​ ​subjects​ ​like​ ​government​ ​and​ ​civics, arts,​ ​economics,mathematics,​ ​international​ ​languages​ ​(​ ​eg.​ ​English​ ​),​ ​health​ ​and​ ​science.​ ​This way,​ ​it​ ​will​ ​prepare​ ​students​ ​for​ ​complex​ ​life​ ​and​ ​work​ ​environments​ ​nowadays​ ​and​ ​future lifestyles.​ ​In​ ​addition,​ ​students​ ​must​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​gain​ ​access​ ​to​ ​quick​ ​changes​ ​in​ ​technology​ ​by using​ ​literacy​ ​such​ ​as​ ​media,​ ​ICT,​ ​and​ ​information.​ ​It​ ​is​ ​essential​ ​for​ ​students​ ​to​ ​be​ ​focus​ ​on 4 creativity,​ ​and​ ​critical​ ​thinking,​ ​communication​ ​for​ ​future​ ​careers​ ​to​ ​be​ ​open​ ​and​ ​repons​ ​to new​ ​and​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​perspectives,​ ​and​ ​understand​ ​the​ ​limits​ ​of​ ​real​ ​globe​ ​by​ ​adopting​ ​new concepts.​ ​In​ ​2002​ ​there​ ​were​ ​several​ ​jobs​ ​that​ ​didn’t​ ​even​ ​exist​ ​yet,​ ​for​ ​example​ ​social​ ​media strategist,​ ​Elder​ ​care​ ​Coordinator,​ ​telework​ ​manager,​ ​app​ ​developers​ ​etc.

Preparing​ ​students​ ​for​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​means​ ​to​ ​move​ ​forward​ ​along​ ​with​ ​the advantages​ ​of​ ​technology.​ ​Therefore,​ ​the​ ​world​ ​of​ ​education​ ​won’t​ ​fall​ ​behind.​ ​Teachers​ ​in the​ ​21st​ ​are​ ​required​ ​to​ ​plays​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​roles​ ​for​ ​instance​ ​they​ ​need​ ​to​ ​be​ ​a​ ​mentor,​ ​motivators, and​ ​help​ ​the​ ​students​ ​to​ ​connect​ ​real​ ​life​ ​situation​ ​for​ ​problem​ ​solving.​ ​Technology​ ​in​ ​the 21st​ ​century​ ​is​ ​influencing​ ​education​ ​drastically.​ ​Both​ ​traditional​ ​school​ ​and​ ​inquiry​ ​based schools​ ​are​ ​developing​ ​their​ ​curriculum​ ​as​ ​the​ ​advancement​ ​of​ ​technology​ ​continues.​ ​As​ ​21st century​ ​learners​ ​students​ ​should​ ​be​ ​encouraged​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​creativity,​ ​think​ ​critically​ ​and know​ ​how​ ​to​ ​use​ ​technology​ ​efficiently​ ​as​ ​new​ ​jobs​ ​continue​ ​to​ ​come​ ​up​ ​in​ ​the​ ​future.

This​ ​issue​ ​has​ ​an​ ​ethical​ ​concern​ ​because​ ​not​ ​all​ ​students​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same​ ​opportunity. IB/​ ​Inquiry​ ​based​ ​curriculum​ ​are​ ​usually​ ​at​ ​private​ ​schools,​ ​which​ ​require​ ​a​ ​certain socioeconomic​ ​level​ ​of​ ​students.​ ​Therefore,​ ​not​ ​all​ ​students​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same​ ​opportunities.

Students​ ​benefit​ ​from​ ​having​ ​balance​ ​between​ ​inquiry​ ​and​ ​route​ ​learning. eliminating​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​only​ ​using​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning​ ​in​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​in​ ​relation to​ ​the​ ​ethical​ ​dimensions​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​methods,​ ​by​ ​not​ ​catering​ ​to​ ​all​ ​students​ ​learning​ ​needs. On​ ​the​ ​other​ ​hand,​ ​removing​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning​ ​deprives​ ​students​ ​from​ ​developing problem​ ​solving​ ​skills,​ ​thinking,​ ​and​ ​creativity.

Quote: ““Those who know, do. Those that understand, teach.” __ Aristotle

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