Part 1: To​ ​what​ ​extent​ ​is​ ​traditional​ ​methods​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​relevant​ ​to​ ​the 21st​ ​century​ ​in Hong​ ​Kong​ ​and​ ​Spain​ ​?

According​ ​to​ ​Dictionary.​ ​com​ ​education​ ​is​ ​defined​ ​as​ ​“​ ​the​ ​act​ ​or​ ​process​ ​of​ ​imparting or​ ​acquiring​ ​general​ ​knowledge,​ ​developing​ ​the​ ​powers​ ​of​ ​reasoning​ ​and​ ​judgment,​ ​and generally​ ​of​ ​preparing​ ​oneself​ ​or​ ​others​ ​intellectually​ ​for​ ​mature​ ​life.”​ ​​​In​ ​order​ ​to​ ​develop students​ ​learning​ ​teachers​ ​drive​ ​the​ ​process​ ​of​ ​education​ ​through​ ​literacy,​ ​mathematics, science,​ ​history,​ ​and​ ​arts.​ ​In​ ​this​ ​investigation​ ​there​ ​is​ ​a​ ​focus​ ​on​ ​two​ ​main​ ​pedagogies​ ​which one​ ​is​ ​a​ ​traditional​ ​method​ ​​​such​ ​as​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​the​ ​other​ ​is​ ​inquiry​ ​based.​ ​The​ ​aim​ ​of this​ ​investigation​ ​is​ ​to​ ​understand​ ​the​ ​two​ ​teaching​ ​methodologies​ ​by​ ​comparing​ ​and contrasting​ ​each​ ​perspective.​ ​This​ ​has​ ​been​ ​investigated​ ​through​ ​research​ ​and​ ​work experience​ ​through​ ​a​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​educational​ ​setting.

Overall, this project was to recognise the importance of both teaching styles based in Spain and Hong Kong, and how they changed within the 21st century preparing students for the 21st century world. Traditional teaching is still relevant to our current time as a stepping stone to inquiry based learning. With basic knowledge taught, rote teaching provides students with background information to develop their critical thinking skill through inquiry.

Teaching methods

Ethical​ ​Issue

The​ ​introduction​ ​of​ ​technology​ ​in​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​has​ ​advanced​ ​education​ ​in​ ​many ways​ ​such​ ​as​ ​communication,​ ​teaching​ ​and​ ​learning.​ ​Today’s​ ​society​ ​focus​ ​on​ ​creativity, problem​ ​solving,​ ​innovation,​ ​cultural​ ​awareness,​ ​exploration,​ ​leadership,​ ​etc.​ ​These​ ​are​ ​the necessary​ ​skills​ ​to​ ​prepare​ ​students​ ​in​ ​the​ ​future.​​ ​​According​ ​to​ ​the​ ​video​ ​by​ ​EF​ ​Education first​ ​(international​ ​education)​ ​46%​ ​of​ ​teachers​ ​say​ ​their​ ​homework​ ​requires​ ​technology,​ ​and 94%​ ​of​ ​students​ ​say​ ​they​ ​use​ ​technology​ ​to​ ​do​ ​homework”.

In​ ​order​ ​for​ ​students​ ​to​ ​success​ ​in​ ​future​ ​learnings,​ ​schools​ ​should​ ​provide​ ​academic studies​ ​at​ ​higher​ ​education​ ​using​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​key​ ​subjects​ ​like​ ​government​ ​and​ ​civics, arts,​ ​economics,mathematics,​ ​international​ ​languages​ ​(​ ​eg.​ ​English​ ​),​ ​health​ ​and​ ​science.​ ​This way,​ ​it​ ​will​ ​prepare​ ​students​ ​for​ ​complex​ ​life​ ​and​ ​work​ ​environments​ ​nowadays​ ​and​ ​future lifestyles.​ ​In​ ​addition,​ ​students​ ​must​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​gain​ ​access​ ​to​ ​quick​ ​changes​ ​in​ ​technology​ ​by using​ ​literacy​ ​such​ ​as​ ​media,​ ​ICT,​ ​and​ ​information.​ ​It​ ​is​ ​essential​ ​for​ ​students​ ​to​ ​be​ ​focus​ ​on 4 creativity,​ ​and​ ​critical​ ​thinking,​ ​communication​ ​for​ ​future​ ​careers​ ​to​ ​be​ ​open​ ​and​ ​repons​ ​to new​ ​and​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​perspectives,​ ​and​ ​understand​ ​the​ ​limits​ ​of​ ​real​ ​globe​ ​by​ ​adopting​ ​new concepts.​ ​In​ ​2002​ ​there​ ​were​ ​several​ ​jobs​ ​that​ ​didn’t​ ​even​ ​exist​ ​yet,​ ​for​ ​example​ ​social​ ​media strategist,​ ​Elder​ ​care​ ​Coordinator,​ ​telework​ ​manager,​ ​app​ ​developers​ ​etc.

Preparing​ ​students​ ​for​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​means​ ​to​ ​move​ ​forward​ ​along​ ​with​ ​the advantages​ ​of​ ​technology.​ ​Therefore,​ ​the​ ​world​ ​of​ ​education​ ​won’t​ ​fall​ ​behind.​ ​Teachers​ ​in the​ ​21st​ ​are​ ​required​ ​to​ ​plays​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​roles​ ​for​ ​instance​ ​they​ ​need​ ​to​ ​be​ ​a​ ​mentor,​ ​motivators, and​ ​help​ ​the​ ​students​ ​to​ ​connect​ ​real​ ​life​ ​situation​ ​for​ ​problem​ ​solving.​ ​Technology​ ​in​ ​the 21st​ ​century​ ​is​ ​influencing​ ​education​ ​drastically.​ ​Both​ ​traditional​ ​school​ ​and​ ​inquiry​ ​based schools​ ​are​ ​developing​ ​their​ ​curriculum​ ​as​ ​the​ ​advancement​ ​of​ ​technology​ ​continues.​ ​As​ ​21st century​ ​learners​ ​students​ ​should​ ​be​ ​encouraged​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​creativity,​ ​think​ ​critically​ ​and know​ ​how​ ​to​ ​use​ ​technology​ ​efficiently​ ​as​ ​new​ ​jobs​ ​continue​ ​to​ ​come​ ​up​ ​in​ ​the​ ​future.

This​ ​issue​ ​has​ ​an​ ​ethical​ ​concern​ ​because​ ​not​ ​all​ ​students​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same​ ​opportunity. IB/​ ​Inquiry​ ​based​ ​curriculum​ ​are​ ​usually​ ​at​ ​private​ ​schools,​ ​which​ ​require​ ​a​ ​certain socioeconomic​ ​level​ ​of​ ​students.​ ​Therefore,​ ​not​ ​all​ ​students​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same​ ​opportunities.

Students​ ​benefit​ ​from​ ​having​ ​balance​ ​between​ ​inquiry​ ​and​ ​route​ ​learning. eliminating​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​only​ ​using​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning​ ​in​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​in​ ​relation to​ ​the​ ​ethical​ ​dimensions​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​methods,​ ​by​ ​not​ ​catering​ ​to​ ​all​ ​students​ ​learning​ ​needs. On​ ​the​ ​other​ ​hand,​ ​removing​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning​ ​deprives​ ​students​ ​from​ ​developing problem​ ​solving​ ​skills,​ ​thinking,​ ​and​ ​creativity.

Quote: ““Those who know, do. Those that understand, teach.” __ Aristotle

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