Oxford dictionary defines rote learning as “the process of learning something by repeating it until you remember it rather than by understanding the meaning of it” . In rote learning there are several advantages.The teaching style is teacher driven rather than being led by the students’ questions. During the class students are more passive in learning due to the teaching style, the teacher feeds learners with information which requires to think and understand less. This type of learning gives quick results and it is tested by immediate assessments. According to the book called “Improve Exam Results: Tested Technique for Passing Exams or Tests By Dr. Subhash Thaker affirms that “ rote learning can be observed in preparing quickly for exams, a technique which may be colloquially referred to as “cramming”. An example is when a someone is required to learn the script for a play when it must be performed, this type of learning is more likely that the brain does not keep the information for long term-memory because the topic which the student is learning is not connected with meaningful and real life situations. A second great example of this knowledge is when a student need to memorise the multiplication and periodic table in order to remember the sequences and the symbols.
Rote learning is based on a traditional style, and goes back to the original behaviourist theory which is learned through operant and classical conditions. For example, in primary education the teachers gives rewards to those students who behave correctly, this means respect between each other, raising the hands when someone wants to talk, being quiet in class, etc. Sometimes, teachers also use conditioning to punish their students through positive and negative reinforcements. A students environment plays a big role influencing on their learnt behaviour this is an example of traditional education in Spain.
According to Dictionary.com inquiry learning is defined as “the act of inquiring or of seeking information by questioning; interrogation.” It helps the students to be part of their own learning. Also, it is helping the students to develop their critical thinking and increase their creativity. Inquiry allows the students to learn subjects or topics in depth on the environment where the learners can feel comfortable to share ideas. When the topics are related to real life situation this encourage and motivated students to be more interested in a topic which it makes the learning much more easier. In order to make the students think, teachers ask specific questions such as “What do you know about…? “What questions do you have about…” “What would you like to learn more about? Why? (Wilson & Win Jan, 2009).
Students are more likely to retain information if it is learnt through taking ownership after their own learning, they develop a sense of responsibility and curiosity based on research of a topic. Students learn best when the issue is meaningful, this means that it is related to their experiences and it is more fun to learn. Also, inquiry allows collaboration to the students which is teamwork. Collaboration is important on inquiry based learning because students can teach and learn from others through communication, and it “Helps develop deeper understanding of subjects” (Youthlearn, 2017). In the 21st Century learners, teachers build toward student-driven inquiry by helping their students to solve problems by expanding their questions with a series of classes.Students expand four main generic skills like research, thinking, analysis, and social skills. This style of teaching empower students to ask questions, clarify different issues, values and attitudes through their understanding.Teachers are aware that each student has an individual learning styles depending on their needs, abilities, values. During the learning teachers try to keep students interested on the task so they are motivate to do work. Also, teachers are flexible of the students’ interests (not everyone interest is the same). In addition, teachers challenge their students to get a better understanding by exploring a range of perspectives and the world such as culture, technology, music, etc.
Quote: “Learn to value yourself, which means: fight for your happiness.” __ Ayn Rand