According to Dictionary. com education is defined as “ the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life.” In order to develop students learning teachers drive the process of education through literacy, mathematics, science, history, and arts. In this investigation there is a focus on two main pedagogies which one is a traditional method such as rote learning and the other is inquiry based. The aim of this investigation is to understand the two teaching methodologies by comparing and contrasting each perspective. This has been investigated through research and work experience through a variety of educational setting.
Overall, this project was to recognise the importance of both teaching styles based in Spain and Hong Kong, and how they changed within the 21st century preparing students for the 21st century world. Traditional teaching is still relevant to our current time as a stepping stone to inquiry based learning. With basic knowledge taught, rote teaching provides students with background information to develop their critical thinking skill through inquiry.
The introduction of technology in the 21st century has advanced education in many ways such as communication, teaching and learning. Today’s society focus on creativity, problem solving, innovation, cultural awareness, exploration, leadership, etc. These are the necessary skills to prepare students in the future. According to the video by EF Education first (international education) 46% of teachers say their homework requires technology, and 94% of students say they use technology to do homework”.
In order for students to success in future learnings, schools should provide academic studies at higher education using the 21st century key subjects like government and civics, arts, economics,mathematics, international languages ( eg. English ), health and science. This way, it will prepare students for complex life and work environments nowadays and future lifestyles. In addition, students must be able to gain access to quick changes in technology by using literacy such as media, ICT, and information. It is essential for students to be focus on 4 creativity, and critical thinking, communication for future careers to be open and repons to new and variety of perspectives, and understand the limits of real globe by adopting new concepts. In 2002 there were several jobs that didn’t even exist yet, for example social media strategist, Elder care Coordinator, telework manager, app developers etc.
Preparing students for the 21st century means to move forward along with the advantages of technology. Therefore, the world of education won’t fall behind. Teachers in the 21st are required to plays a lot of roles for instance they need to be a mentor, motivators, and help the students to connect real life situation for problem solving. Technology in the 21st century is influencing education drastically. Both traditional school and inquiry based schools are developing their curriculum as the advancement of technology continues. As 21st century learners students should be encouraged to develop creativity, think critically and know how to use technology efficiently as new jobs continue to come up in the future.
This issue has an ethical concern because not all students have the same opportunity. IB/ Inquiry based curriculum are usually at private schools, which require a certain socioeconomic level of students. Therefore, not all students have the same opportunities.
Students benefit from having balance between inquiry and route learning. eliminating rote learning and only using inquiry based learning in the 21st century in relation to the ethical dimensions of teaching methods, by not catering to all students learning needs. On the other hand, removing inquiry based learning deprives students from developing problem solving skills, thinking, and creativity.
Quote: ““Those who know, do. Those that understand, teach.” __ Aristotle