IB. Work experience: Evaluation of Perspectives

There are few similarities between inquiry based and traditional education, the main similarity is that both learning can be taught in the same country, and both have the goal to prepare students to success in the university. Inquiry is becoming more popular in schools but rote learning is still applied in today’s modern classrooms.

A student in a traditional teacher centered learning environment it is easier to lose attention as students are not as invested in what is being taught. They would be more interested if it was more engaging in active involvement so the students could express their ideas. Therefore, having more participation. Also, when there is an exam or assessment the students who are taught with a traditional education is more likely to forget what they have learnt. On the other hand, students who learn with inquiry based learning are able to keep the information of what they learnt because they have a depth understanding and they are able to retain information. In addition, students who learn through inquiry based have a differentiated learning depending on their needs otherwise traditional learning do not provide these types of necessity. An important element for today’s teaching is collaboration. As a result of developing communication, argumentative and problem-solving skills, this is more applied on inquiry based than rote learning. PYP uses Learner Profiles and Attitudes to support their transdisciplinary approach, including communication, research, social, self-management and thinking skills. There are twelve learner profiles which are being open-minded, principled, reflective, risk-taker, thinking, caring, communicator, inquirer, knowledgeable and well-balanced. The attitudes that are promote in IB curriculum are appreciation. enthusiasm , commitment, integrity, tolerance, cooperation, creativity, confidence, empathy, tolerance, independence and respect . The learning styles provides multiple choices for students to learn by incorporating inquiry and rote learning together. Using rote learning as foundation students are able to understand and apply some concepts such as learning the alphabet.

Quote: “Trust yourself, you know more than you think you do.” __ Benjamin Spock

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Part II: To​ ​what​ ​extent​ ​is​ ​traditional​ ​methods​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​relevant​ ​to​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​in Hong​ ​Kong​ ​and​ ​Spain​ ​?

Perspective​ ​A

Oxford​ ​dictionary​ ​defines​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​as​ ​“the​ ​process​ ​of​ ​learning​ ​something​ ​by repeating​ ​it​ ​until​ ​you​ ​remember​ ​it​ ​rather​ ​than​ ​by​ ​understanding​ ​the​ ​meaning​ ​of​ ​it”​ ​.​ ​In​ ​rote learning​ ​there​ ​are​ ​several​ ​advantages.The​ ​teaching​ ​style​ ​is​ ​teacher​ ​driven​ ​rather​ ​than​ ​being led​ ​by​ ​the​ ​students’​ ​questions.​ ​During​ ​the​ ​class​ ​students​ ​are​ ​more​ ​passive​ ​in​ ​learning​ ​due​ ​to the​ ​teaching​ ​style,​ ​the​ ​teacher​ ​feeds​ ​learners​ ​with​ ​information​ ​which​ ​requires​ ​to​ ​think​ ​and understand​ ​less.​ ​This​ ​type​ ​of​ ​learning​ ​gives​ ​quick​ ​results​ ​and​ ​it​ ​is​ ​tested​ ​by​ ​immediate assessments.​ ​According​ ​to​ ​the​ ​book​ ​called​ ​“Improve​ ​Exam​ ​Results:​ ​Tested​ ​Technique​ ​for Passing​ ​Exams​ ​or​ ​Tests​ ​By​ ​Dr.​ ​Subhash​ ​Thaker​ ​affirms​ ​that​ ​“​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​can​ ​be​ ​observed in​ ​preparing​ ​quickly​ ​for​ ​exams,​ ​a​ ​technique​ ​which​ ​may​ ​be​ ​colloquially​ ​referred​ ​to​ ​as “​cramming​”.​ ​An​ ​example​ ​is​ ​when​ ​a​ ​someone​ ​is​ ​required​ ​to​ ​learn​ ​the​ ​script​ ​for​ ​a​ ​play​ ​when​ ​it must​ ​be​ ​performed,​ ​this​ ​type​ ​of​ ​learning​ ​is​ ​more​ ​likely​ ​that​ ​the​ ​brain​ ​does​ ​not​ ​keep​ ​the information​ ​for​ ​long​ ​term-memory​ ​because​ ​the​ ​topic​ ​which​ ​the​ ​student​ ​is​ ​learning​ ​is​ ​not connected​ ​with​ ​meaningful​ ​and​ ​real​ ​life​ ​situations.​ ​A​ ​second​ ​great​ ​example​ ​of​ ​this knowledge​ ​is​ ​when​ ​a​ ​student​ ​need​ ​to​ ​memorise​ ​the​ ​multiplication​ ​and​ ​periodic​ ​table​ ​in​ ​order to​ ​remember​ ​the​ ​sequences​ ​and​ ​the​ ​symbols.

Rote​ ​learning​ ​is​ ​based​ ​on​ ​a​ ​traditional​ ​style,​ ​and​ ​goes​ ​back​ ​to​ ​the​ ​original behaviourist​ ​theory​ ​which​ ​is​ ​learned​ ​through​ ​operant​ ​and​ ​classical​ ​conditions.​ ​For​ ​example, in​ ​primary​ ​education​ ​the​ ​teachers​ ​gives​ ​rewards​ ​to​ ​those​ ​students​ ​who​ ​behave​ ​correctly,​ ​this means​ ​respect​ ​between​ ​each​ ​other,​ ​raising​ ​the​ ​hands​ ​when​ ​someone​ ​wants​ ​to​ ​talk,​ ​being​ ​quiet in​ ​class,​ ​etc.​ ​​​Sometimes,​ ​​​teachers​ ​also​ ​use​ ​conditioning​ ​to​ ​punish​ ​their​ ​students​ ​through positive​ ​and​ ​negative​ ​reinforcements.​ ​A​ ​students​ ​environment​ ​plays​ ​a​ ​big​ ​role​ ​influencing​ ​on their​ ​learnt​ ​behaviour​ ​this​ ​is​ ​an​ ​example​ ​of​ ​traditional​ ​education​ ​in​ ​Spain.

Perspective​ ​B:

According​ ​to​ ​Dictionary.com​ ​inquiry​ ​learning​ ​is​ ​defined​ ​as​ ​“the​ ​act​ ​of​ ​inquiring​ ​or​ ​of seeking​ ​information​ ​by​ ​questioning;​ ​interrogation.”​ ​It​ ​helps​ ​the​ ​students​ ​to​ ​be​ ​part​ ​of​ ​their own​ ​learning.​ ​Also,​ ​it​ ​is​ ​helping​ ​the​ ​students​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​their​ ​critical​ ​thinking​ ​and​ ​increase their​ ​creativity.​ ​Inquiry​ ​allows​ ​the​ ​students​ ​to​ ​learn​ ​subjects​ ​or​ ​topics​ ​in​ ​depth​ ​on​ ​the environment​ ​where​ ​the​ ​learners​ ​can​ ​feel​ ​comfortable​ ​to​ ​share​ ​ideas.​ ​When​ ​the​ ​topics​ ​are related​ ​to​ ​real​ ​life​ ​situation​ ​this​ ​encourage​ ​and​ ​motivated​ ​students​ ​to​ ​be​ ​more​ ​interested​ ​in​ ​a topic​ ​which​ ​it​ ​makes​ ​the​ ​learning​ ​much​ ​more​ ​easier.​ ​In​ ​order​ ​to​ ​make​ ​the​ ​students​ ​think, teachers​ ​ask​ ​specific​ ​questions​ ​such​ ​as​ ​“What​ ​do​ ​you​ ​know​ ​about…?​ ​“What​ ​questions​ ​do​ ​you have​ ​about…”​ ​“What​ ​would​ ​you​ ​like​ ​to​ ​learn​ ​more​ ​about?​ ​Why?​ ​(Wilson​ ​&​ ​Win​ ​Jan,​ ​2009).

Students​ ​are​ ​more​ ​likely​ ​to​ ​retain​ ​information​ ​if​ ​it​ ​is​ ​learnt​ ​through​ ​taking​ ​ownership after​ ​their​ ​own​ ​learning,​ ​they​ ​develop​ ​a​ ​sense​ ​of​ ​responsibility​ ​and​ ​curiosity​ ​based​ ​on research​ ​of​ ​a​ ​topic.​ ​Students​ ​learn​ ​best​ ​when​ ​the​ ​issue​ ​is​ ​meaningful,​ ​this​ ​means​ ​that​ ​it​ ​is related​ ​to​ ​their​ ​experiences​ ​and​ ​it​ ​is​ ​more​ ​fun​ ​to​ ​learn.​ ​Also,​ ​inquiry​ ​allows​ ​collaboration​ ​to the​ ​students​ ​which​ ​is​ ​teamwork.​ ​Collaboration​ ​is​ ​important​ ​on​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning​ ​because students​ ​can​ ​teach​ ​and​ ​learn​ ​from​ ​others​ ​through​ ​communication,​ ​and​ ​it​ ​“Helps​ ​develop deeper​ ​understanding​ ​of​ ​subjects”​ ​(Youthlearn,​ ​2017). In​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​Century​ ​learners,​ ​teachers​ ​build​ ​toward​ ​student-driven​ ​inquiry​ ​by​ ​helping their​ ​students​ ​to​ ​solve​ ​problems​ ​by​ ​expanding​ ​their​ ​questions​ ​with​ ​a​ ​series​ ​of​ ​classes.Students expand​ ​four​ ​main​ ​generic​ ​skills​ ​like​ ​research,​ ​thinking,​ ​analysis,​ ​and​ ​social​ ​skills.​ ​This​ ​style of​ ​teaching​ ​empower​ ​students​ ​to​ ​ask​ ​questions,​ ​clarify​ ​different​ ​issues,​ ​values​ ​and​ ​attitudes through​ ​their​ ​understanding.Teachers​ ​are​ ​aware​ ​that​ ​each​ ​student​ ​has​ ​an​ ​individual​ ​learning styles​ ​depending​ ​on​ ​their​ ​needs,​ ​abilities,​ ​values.​ ​During​ ​the​ ​learning​ ​teachers​ ​try​ ​to​ ​keep students​ ​interested​ ​on​ ​the​ ​task​ ​so​ ​they​ ​are​ ​motivate​ ​to​ ​do​ ​work.​ ​Also,​ ​teachers​ ​are​ ​flexible​ ​of the​ ​students’​ ​interests​ ​(not​ ​everyone​ ​interest​ ​is​ ​the​ ​same).​ ​In​ ​addition,​ ​teachers​ ​challenge​ ​their students​ ​to​ ​get​ ​a​ ​better​ ​understanding​ ​by​ ​exploring​ ​a​ ​range​ ​of​ ​perspectives​ ​and​ ​the​ ​world​ ​such as​ ​culture,​ ​technology,​ ​music,​ ​etc.


Quote: “Learn to value yourself, which means: fight for your happiness.” __ Ayn Rand

Part 1: To​ ​what​ ​extent​ ​is​ ​traditional​ ​methods​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​relevant​ ​to​ ​the 21st​ ​century​ ​in Hong​ ​Kong​ ​and​ ​Spain​ ​?

According​ ​to​ ​Dictionary.​ ​com​ ​education​ ​is​ ​defined​ ​as​ ​“​ ​the​ ​act​ ​or​ ​process​ ​of​ ​imparting or​ ​acquiring​ ​general​ ​knowledge,​ ​developing​ ​the​ ​powers​ ​of​ ​reasoning​ ​and​ ​judgment,​ ​and generally​ ​of​ ​preparing​ ​oneself​ ​or​ ​others​ ​intellectually​ ​for​ ​mature​ ​life.”​ ​​​In​ ​order​ ​to​ ​develop students​ ​learning​ ​teachers​ ​drive​ ​the​ ​process​ ​of​ ​education​ ​through​ ​literacy,​ ​mathematics, science,​ ​history,​ ​and​ ​arts.​ ​In​ ​this​ ​investigation​ ​there​ ​is​ ​a​ ​focus​ ​on​ ​two​ ​main​ ​pedagogies​ ​which one​ ​is​ ​a​ ​traditional​ ​method​ ​​​such​ ​as​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​the​ ​other​ ​is​ ​inquiry​ ​based.​ ​The​ ​aim​ ​of this​ ​investigation​ ​is​ ​to​ ​understand​ ​the​ ​two​ ​teaching​ ​methodologies​ ​by​ ​comparing​ ​and contrasting​ ​each​ ​perspective.​ ​This​ ​has​ ​been​ ​investigated​ ​through​ ​research​ ​and​ ​work experience​ ​through​ ​a​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​educational​ ​setting.

Overall,​ ​this​ ​project​ ​was​ ​to​ ​recognise​ ​the​ ​importance​ ​of​ ​both​ ​teaching​ ​styles​ ​based​ ​in Spain​ ​and​ ​Hong​ ​Kong,​ ​and​ ​how​ ​they​ ​changed​ ​within​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​preparing​ ​students​ ​for the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​world.​ ​Traditional​ ​teaching​ ​is​ ​still​ ​relevant​ ​to​ ​our​ ​current​ ​time​ ​as​ ​a​ ​stepping stone​ ​to​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning.​ ​With​ ​basic​ ​knowledge​ ​taught,​ ​rote​ ​teaching​ ​provides​ ​students with​ ​background​ ​information​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​their​ ​critical​ ​thinking​ ​skill​ ​through​ ​inquiry.

Ethical​ ​Issue

The​ ​introduction​ ​of​ ​technology​ ​in​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​has​ ​advanced​ ​education​ ​in​ ​many ways​ ​such​ ​as​ ​communication,​ ​teaching​ ​and​ ​learning.​ ​Today’s​ ​society​ ​focus​ ​on​ ​creativity, problem​ ​solving,​ ​innovation,​ ​cultural​ ​awareness,​ ​exploration,​ ​leadership,​ ​etc.​ ​These​ ​are​ ​the necessary​ ​skills​ ​to​ ​prepare​ ​students​ ​in​ ​the​ ​future.​​ ​​According​ ​to​ ​the​ ​video​ ​by​ ​EF​ ​Education first​ ​(international​ ​education)​ ​46%​ ​of​ ​teachers​ ​say​ ​their​ ​homework​ ​requires​ ​technology,​ ​and 94%​ ​of​ ​students​ ​say​ ​they​ ​use​ ​technology​ ​to​ ​do​ ​homework”.

In​ ​order​ ​for​ ​students​ ​to​ ​success​ ​in​ ​future​ ​learnings,​ ​schools​ ​should​ ​provide​ ​academic studies​ ​at​ ​higher​ ​education​ ​using​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​key​ ​subjects​ ​like​ ​government​ ​and​ ​civics, arts,​ ​economics,mathematics,​ ​international​ ​languages​ ​(​ ​eg.​ ​English​ ​),​ ​health​ ​and​ ​science.​ ​This way,​ ​it​ ​will​ ​prepare​ ​students​ ​for​ ​complex​ ​life​ ​and​ ​work​ ​environments​ ​nowadays​ ​and​ ​future lifestyles.​ ​In​ ​addition,​ ​students​ ​must​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​gain​ ​access​ ​to​ ​quick​ ​changes​ ​in​ ​technology​ ​by using​ ​literacy​ ​such​ ​as​ ​media,​ ​ICT,​ ​and​ ​information.​ ​It​ ​is​ ​essential​ ​for​ ​students​ ​to​ ​be​ ​focus​ ​on 4 creativity,​ ​and​ ​critical​ ​thinking,​ ​communication​ ​for​ ​future​ ​careers​ ​to​ ​be​ ​open​ ​and​ ​repons​ ​to new​ ​and​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​perspectives,​ ​and​ ​understand​ ​the​ ​limits​ ​of​ ​real​ ​globe​ ​by​ ​adopting​ ​new concepts.​ ​In​ ​2002​ ​there​ ​were​ ​several​ ​jobs​ ​that​ ​didn’t​ ​even​ ​exist​ ​yet,​ ​for​ ​example​ ​social​ ​media strategist,​ ​Elder​ ​care​ ​Coordinator,​ ​telework​ ​manager,​ ​app​ ​developers​ ​etc.

Preparing​ ​students​ ​for​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​means​ ​to​ ​move​ ​forward​ ​along​ ​with​ ​the advantages​ ​of​ ​technology.​ ​Therefore,​ ​the​ ​world​ ​of​ ​education​ ​won’t​ ​fall​ ​behind.​ ​Teachers​ ​in the​ ​21st​ ​are​ ​required​ ​to​ ​plays​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​roles​ ​for​ ​instance​ ​they​ ​need​ ​to​ ​be​ ​a​ ​mentor,​ ​motivators, and​ ​help​ ​the​ ​students​ ​to​ ​connect​ ​real​ ​life​ ​situation​ ​for​ ​problem​ ​solving.​ ​Technology​ ​in​ ​the 21st​ ​century​ ​is​ ​influencing​ ​education​ ​drastically.​ ​Both​ ​traditional​ ​school​ ​and​ ​inquiry​ ​based schools​ ​are​ ​developing​ ​their​ ​curriculum​ ​as​ ​the​ ​advancement​ ​of​ ​technology​ ​continues.​ ​As​ ​21st century​ ​learners​ ​students​ ​should​ ​be​ ​encouraged​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​creativity,​ ​think​ ​critically​ ​and know​ ​how​ ​to​ ​use​ ​technology​ ​efficiently​ ​as​ ​new​ ​jobs​ ​continue​ ​to​ ​come​ ​up​ ​in​ ​the​ ​future.

This​ ​issue​ ​has​ ​an​ ​ethical​ ​concern​ ​because​ ​not​ ​all​ ​students​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same​ ​opportunity. IB/​ ​Inquiry​ ​based​ ​curriculum​ ​are​ ​usually​ ​at​ ​private​ ​schools,​ ​which​ ​require​ ​a​ ​certain socioeconomic​ ​level​ ​of​ ​students.​ ​Therefore,​ ​not​ ​all​ ​students​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same​ ​opportunities.

Students​ ​benefit​ ​from​ ​having​ ​balance​ ​between​ ​inquiry​ ​and​ ​route​ ​learning. eliminating​ ​rote​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​only​ ​using​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning​ ​in​ ​the​ ​21st​ ​century​ ​in​ ​relation to​ ​the​ ​ethical​ ​dimensions​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​methods,​ ​by​ ​not​ ​catering​ ​to​ ​all​ ​students​ ​learning​ ​needs. On​ ​the​ ​other​ ​hand,​ ​removing​ ​inquiry​ ​based​ ​learning​ ​deprives​ ​students​ ​from​ ​developing problem​ ​solving​ ​skills,​ ​thinking,​ ​and​ ​creativity.

Quote: ““Those who know, do. Those that understand, teach.” __ Aristotle

Ja, klar. Ich spreche deutsch.

El dia que aprendi a escribirte fue justo hace un año.

Solo sabía escribir unas pocas frases, bastante pobres la verdad.

Eran palabras simples, no resaltan como en mis gestos de cada dia.

Solo habian unas palabras juntas que intentaban decir algo pero no más allá de lo que estaba escrito. Solo sabia decirte Ja, klar. Ich spreche deutsch” Ich bin ein Anfänger. Er kann nicht viel sagen. Ich spreche nur leicht lo cual en la lengua castellana se traduce como.

Si claro. Yo hablo alemán. Soy principiante. No puede decir mucho. Solo hablo de manera fácil.

No puede ser más transparente que el agua. Estas eran las frases.

Quote:  “Si no lo puedes explicar con simplicidad, es que no lo entiendes bien” __ Albert Einstein